Wisconsin Native

Showing 65–72 of 102 results

  • Lobelia siphilitica Great lobelia Z 5-9

    Medium to dark blue racemes from August to October

    $12.25/bareroot

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    Medium to dark blue racemes of two-lipped flowers from August to October

    Size: 3' x 12"
    Care: Full sun to part shade in moist to moist well-drained soil
    Native: Eastern United States
    Wildlife Value: attracts butterflies and hummingbirds.

    Introduced to gardens before 1665. Cherokee used the root to treat syphilis and in 1749 Swedish botanist Peter Kalm wrote that Indians used Lobelia to cure venereal disease, having “an infallible art of curing it.”

  • Lupinus perennis Sun-dial lupin, Old maid’s bonnet, wild pea Z. 4-9

    Many flowered blue, pea flowered raceme May-June

    $12.25/BAREROOT

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    Many flowered blue, pea flowered raceme May-June

    Size: 1-2' x 12"
    Care: full sun in well drained soil. A legume, so it enriches the soil by adding nitrogen.
    Native: Maine to FL, Ontario to MN to Louisiana.
    Wildlife Value: Attracts both hummingbirds and butterflies. The only food for larvae of endangered species, Karner Blue butterfly.

    Lupinus is Latin from Lupus meaning “wolf.”  Likely sent from its native Virginia to England by Tradescant the Younger in 1637. Certainly collected by Michaux, late 1700’s.  Grown by Jefferson.  The Cherokee used this to stop bleeding.  The Menominee fattened their horses with this Lupin and made them spirited.  They rubbed the plant on themselves to give power to control the horses.

  • Mertensia virginica Virginia bluebells Z 3-7

    pink buds turn to sky blue trumpets

    $6.25/bareroot

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    Available for purchase in Spring only

    Pink buds turn to sky blue trumpets in May.  Ephemeral, dies back in summer.

    Size: 18" x 10"
    Care: Moist well-drained soil in part shade. Deer resistant.
    Native: N.Y. to Tennessee, west to Kansas, Wisconsin native

    First collected by John Banister in colonal Virginia.  Named Mertensia after Franz Karl Mertens, a German botanist who never set foot in America.  Cherokee cured whooping cough and consumption with Virginia bluebells.  Grown by both Washington and Jefferson.  “Gentian blue … very pretty and worthy of culture,” Sanders 1913.  Recommended by Gertrude Jekyll, mother of mixed perennial borders, in 1908.

  • Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamont Z 3-9

    Lavender tubes and bracts encircle 3' tall square stems

    $12.25/bareroot

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    Lavender tubes and bracts encircle 3′ tall square stems in July and August.

    Size: 3-4' x spreading
    Care: Sun to part shade any soil. Drought tolerant Walnut toxicity resistant.
    Native: central U.S., Wisconsin native
    Wildlife Value: attracts both butterflies and hummingbirds

    Fistulosa refers to the hollow stem. Native Americans used the plant for abdominal pain, pimples, and chest pain in children. Sent to Europe by Tradescant the Younger in 1637. Cultivated by George Washington.

  • Parthenium integrifolium Wild Quinine Z 3-8

    Frosty white blooms from July to September

    $12.25/bareroot

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    Frosty white blooms from July to October, not especially showy but so reliable and sturdy, excellent.  It’s a work horse.

    Size: 2-4' x 18"
    Care: Full sun in moist well-drained to well-drained soil. Drought tolerant.
    Native: Mass. to Georgia, west Minnesota to Arkansas, Wisconsin native

    Seeds fragrant when crushed. Named Quinine because it was used to treat fevers similar to malaria. Catawabe Indians used leaves to treat burns and flowers to treat fever.

  • Penstemon digitalis Foxglove beardtongue Z 2-8

    Palest of pink tubular bells

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    OUT OF STOCK

    Palest of pink tubular bells in June – deadhead for rebloom.  More vigorous and longer blooming than its well-known cultivar ‘Husker Red.’

    Size: 24-48” x 18”
    Care: sun or part shade in fertile, well-drained soil
    Native: Nebraska to Wisconsin
    Wildlife Value: attracts Baltimore butterfly

    Penstemon is named for its five stamens, penta meaning “five” in Greek.  Used medicinally by the Dakota and Pawnee – to remedy chest pains, chills and fevers.  P. digitalis first transported to Europe when the son of the royal Spanish gardener sent it to Kew in England, 1793.

  • Penstemon grandiflorus Large beard tongue Z 3-9

    Large pink to lavender trumpets

    $11.95/bareroot

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    Large pink to lavender trumpets along the 3’ stem in early summer

    Size: 3’ x 10”
    Care: sun in well-drained soil
    Native: IL to N. Dakota, south to TX, Wisconsin
    Wildlife Value: attracts Baltimore butterfly

    Discovered by Thomas Nuttall, describing it as “splendid and beautiful,”on his trip up the Missouri River in 1811. Cured chest pains and stomach aches for the Dakota and chills and fever for the Pawnee.

  • Penstemon tubaeflorus Great Plains Beardtongue 4-8

    Spikes of ivory bell-shaped blossoms in early summer.

    $12.25/bareroot

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    Spikes of ivory bell-shaped blossoms in early summer.  One of the most reliable, long lived penstemons.

    Size: 36"x 15"
    Care: Full sun in well-drained to moist well-drained soil
    Native: Central Plains N., S. to TX & NE to Maine, Wisconsin native
    Wildlife Value: attracts hummingbirds and butterflies

    Penstemon is named for its five stamens, penta meaning five and stemon meaning stamen in Greek.  Collected by Englishman Thomas Nuttall (1786-1859) who searched entire No. American continent – parts of Canada, from New England west to Oregon, the South, Midwest, the Plains, the S.E., California & Hawaii, finding hundreds of new plants.