Wisconsin Native

Showing 89–96 of 98 results

  • Sporobolus heterolepsis Prairie dropseed Zone 3 – 9

    Mound of graceful thinnest of grass blades

    $11.95/bareroot

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    The description in the Chiltern Seeds catalog cannot be improved:  “This is the most elegant and refined of the North American prairie grasses …the finest texture composed of the thinnest of thin, thread-like, glossy green blades,.. in autumn turning deep orange before fading to a light copper for the winter.  In late summer the plants bear, on very slender stalks high above the foliage, unbelievably delicate, graceful flower panicles, excellent for cutting.”

    Size: 2’ x 2’
    Care: Full sun in well-drained soil
    Native: from Canada in the north to Texas in the south, Wisconsin native

    Sporobolos is Greek from sporo meaning seed and ballein meaning to cast forth because the seed readily falls from the flower (or dropseed, the common name).  Ojibwa “Medicine Society” used roots to cure sores & “remove bile.”

  • Stylophorum diphyllum Celandine poppy Z 4-9

    Sunny yellow cups in May-June

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    Sunny yellow cups bloom in late spring, reblooming sporatically, atop this 12-18″ tall native.  Ornamental foliage – scalloped and deeply lobed.

    Size: 12-18" x 12"
    Care: Part shade, but tolerates sun, in moist to moist well-drained soil
    Native: PA west to WI, south to MO & AK. Wisconsin native.

    1st collected by French plant hunter extraodinaire André Michaux, who spent 11 years in North America. (1746-1802)  William Robinson, father of the mixed perennial border, described this as “a handsome Poppywort … (with) large bright yellow flowers freely produced in early summer.”  Self-seeds and likely you’ll be happy for it.

  • Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple meadowrue Z 4-9

    Panicles of delicate dangling ivory flowers May to July, purple stems

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    Panicles of delicate dangling ivory flowers May to July, purple stems.

    Size: 4-5’ x 2’
    Care: sun to part shade in moist well-drained to moist soil
    Native: All North America except Atlantic & Pacific coasts and northern Canada, Wisconsin native

    Collected for gardens by 1842.  Used by Native Americans to enliven horses by giving them seeds or rubbing a poltice on their muzzles. (Pawnee & Lakota)  Meskwaki, Ponca & Potawatomi used as an aphrodisiac.  Potawatomi smoked a mixture of this and tobacco before meeting their woman.  HoChunk used it to perfume smoke. For Potawatomi smoking dried seeds brought luck in hunting.  Ponca boys made flutes from the hollow stems.

  • Thalictrum dioicum Early meadowrue Z 5-9

    Chartreuse blooms in spring

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    Hanging chartreuse blooms dangle from the stems in spring

    Size: 30" x 24"
    Care: shade to part shade in moist or moist well-drained soil. Deer resistant.
    Native: Quebec west to No. Dakota, south to Georgia, Wisconsin native

    Cherokee made an infusion of the root to cure nausea and diarrhea.  Iroquois used it to remedy sore eyes and heart palpitations.  The plant also would “make you crazy.”  1st collected by Rev. John Banister who moved to colonial Virginia in 1678.  A gunman mistakenly shot and killed him while he collected plants.  Thomas Drummond collected this on the eastern base of the Rocky Mountains before 1800.

  • Tradescantia bracteata Spiderwort Z. 4-9

    rosy purple flowers July-August

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    $11.95/bareroot

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    rosy purple flowers July-August

    Size: 12-18” x 12”
    Care: full sun to part shade in moist well drained soil
    Native: WY east to MI, south to OK, WI native
    Wildlife Value: attracts bees & butterflies

    Genus named after John Tradescant the Younger, an English botanist, who introduced Tradescantia virginiana to garden cultivation in 1637, when he sent it to his father, gardener to King Charles I.   This prairie plant collected before 1938.

  • Tradescantia virginiana Spiderwort Z 4-9

    bluish lavender to purple 3 petaled stars with showy yellow stamens

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    Prominent pendulous buds open to bluish lavender to purple 3-petaled stars with showy yellow stamens. Free blooming from June thru September.

    Size: 18-24" x 24"
    Care: Full sun to part shade in moist to moist well-drained soil
    Native: From New York to South Dakota, Virginia and Arkansas

    Named after English planthunter John Tradescant the Younger, who introduced this plant to garden cultivation in 1637.   Parkinson explains the origin of this plant: “This Spider-wort is of late knowledge, and for it the Christian world is indebted unto that painfull industrious searcher, and lover of all natures varieties, John Tradescant who first received it of a friend, that brought it out of Virginia,” (1639). Cherokee ate the young greens and prescribed it to cure stomachaches after overeating, female illnesses, cancer and insect bites.  Menominee revived those “defiled by touch of bereaved.” By 1659 ones with white, light blue and reddish flowers grown in England.

  • Trillium grandiflorum Large flowered Trillium, Wake robin Z 4-8

    Pure white trio of petals atop whorl of leaves in May. Ephemeral.

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    OUT OF STOCK – Available for purchase in Spring only

    Pure white trio of petals atop whorl of leaves in May. Ephemeral.

    Size: 12-18” x slowly spreading
    Care: shade to part shade in moist soil
    Native: Quebec to Georgia, west to Minnesota WI native
    Awards: Elisabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden Great Plant Picks

    Chippewa made decoctions of Trillium for aching joints & sore ears. Menominee cured many ailments with this Trillium: irregular menstrual periods, cramps, diuretic, swollen eyes and “sore nipples and teats pierced with a dog whisker.” Collected by Frenchman André Michaux (1746-1802) who spent 11 years in America collecting hundreds of new plants.

  • Uvularia grandiflora Largeflower bellwort, Fairybells Z 4-9

    Graceful, hanging pale yellow bells, like a gypsy’s skirt, in spring

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    OUT OF STOCK

    Graceful, hanging pale yellow bells, like a gypsy’s skirt, in spring

    Size: 10-20” x 6” spread slowly
    Care: part shade to shade in moist to moist well-drained soil
    Native: Quebec to Ontario, NH to ND, Louisiana to Georgia, Wisconsin native
    Wildlife Value: Attracts bees
    Awards: Royal Horticultural Society Award of Merit

    Menominee reduced swelling with this plant. Ojibwa cured stomach pains and Potawatomi mixed it with lard to cure sore muscles & backaches. Collected for gardens by 1802. Wm. Robinson considered this a “graceful perennial … the finest of the species.”