Wisconsin Native

Showing 105–112 of 113 results

  • Tradescantia bracteata Spiderwort Z. 4-9

    rosy purple flowers July-August

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    $11.95/bareroot

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    rosy purple flowers July-August

    Size: 12-18” x 12”
    Care: full sun to part shade in moist well drained soil
    Native: WY east to MI, south to OK, WI native
    Wildlife Value: attracts bees & butterflies

    Genus named after John Tradescant the Younger, an English botanist, who introduced Tradescantia virginiana to garden cultivation in 1637, when he sent it to his father, gardener to King Charles I.   This prairie plant collected before 1938.

  • Tradescantia virginiana Spiderwort Z 4-9

    bluish lavender to purple 3 petaled stars with showy yellow stamens

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    Prominent pendulous buds open to bluish lavender to purple 3-petaled stars with showy yellow stamens. Free blooming from June thru September.

    Size: 18-24" x 24"
    Care: Full sun to part shade in moist to moist well-drained soil
    Native: From New York to South Dakota, Virginia and Arkansas

    Named after English planthunter John Tradescant the Younger, who introduced this plant to garden cultivation in 1637.   Parkinson explains the origin of this plant: “This Spider-wort is of late knowledge, and for it the Christian world is indebted unto that painfull industrious searcher, and lover of all natures varieties, John Tradescant who first received it of a friend, that brought it out of Virginia,” (1639). Cherokee ate the young greens and prescribed it to cure stomachaches after overeating, female illnesses, cancer and insect bites.  Menominee revived those “defiled by touch of bereaved.” By 1659 ones with white, light blue and reddish flowers grown in England.

  • Trillium grandiflorum Large flowered Trillium, Wake robin Z 4-8

    Pure white trio of petals atop whorl of leaves in May. Ephemeral.

    $8.75/bareroot

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    Available for purchase in Spring only

    Pure white trio of petals atop whorl of leaves in May. Ephemeral.

    Size: 12-18” x slowly spreading
    Care: shade to part shade in moist soil
    Native: Quebec to Georgia, west to Minnesota WI native
    Awards: Elisabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden Great Plant Picks

    Chippewa made decoctions of Trillium for aching joints & sore ears. Menominee cured many ailments with this Trillium: irregular menstrual periods, cramps, diuretic, swollen eyes and “sore nipples and teats pierced with a dog whisker.” Collected by Frenchman André Michaux (1746-1802) who spent 11 years in America collecting hundreds of new plants.

  • Uvularia grandiflora Largeflower bellwort, Fairybells Z 4-9

    Graceful, hanging pale yellow bells, like a gypsy’s skirt, in spring

    $8.75/bareroot

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    Graceful, hanging pale yellow bells, like a gypsy’s skirt, in spring

    Size: 10-20” x 6” spread slowly
    Care: part shade to shade in moist to moist well-drained soil
    Native: Quebec to Ontario, NH to ND, Louisiana to Georgia, Wisconsin native
    Wildlife Value: Attracts bees
    Awards: Royal Horticultural Society Award of Merit

    Menominee reduced swelling with this plant. Ojibwa cured stomach pains and Potawatomi mixed it with lard to cure sore muscles & backaches. Collected for gardens by 1802. Wm. Robinson considered this a “graceful perennial … the finest of the species.”

  • Uvularia sessilifolia Merrybells Z 4-8

    Elongated cream colored bells dangle under lily-like leaves in April-May

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    Elongated cream colored bells dangle under lily-like leaves in April-May

    Size: 6-10” X 8”
    Care: Sun to shade in moist, well-drained acidic soil
    Native: Eastern & central North America, Wisconsin native.
    Wildlife Value: attracts bees & other pollinators

    Cherokee made a tea from the roots to treat diarrhea; made a poltice for boils and cooked and ate the leaves. Iroquois made a tea from roots to purify blood and a poltice to mend broken bones. It is taken internally to aid in healing broken bones. Ojibwa used root in hunting to bring deer closer. Collected before 1753.

  • Vaccinium angustifolium Lowbush Blueberry Z 2-6

    The true native bearing small, intensely flavored blueberries

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    Urn-shaped white flowers in May & June turn to glossy blue berries.  Foliage turns fiery red in fall.  The true native, bearing small, intensely flavored blueberries.

    Size: 2-12” x 3’ spreading by runners
    Care: sun to part shade in moist well-drained, very acidic soil. Mulch, roots shallow & wide spreading.
    Native: entire NE of No. America as far west as Minnesota & South to N. Carolina, Wisconsin native.
    Wildlife Value: Food source for moth caterpillars, terrestrial turtles & numerous birds (Turkey, Blue Jay, Bluebird, Wood thrush & Robins.)
    Awards: Cary Award Distinctive Plants for New England

    Described in literature, 1789. Many Native Americans ate the berries (fresh or dried) or mixed berries with other ingredients for food: Algonquin, Chippewa, Iroquois, Ojibwa & Menominee.  A few ate the flowers.  Algonquin made medicine from the leaves and roots for colic, miscarriages & inducing labor. Chippewa put dried flowers on hot stones to inhale the fumes for “craziness.”
    Blueberries are our native superfood, high in antioxidants, fiber & Vitamin C, while low in calories.

  • Vaccinium macrocarpon syn. Oxycoccus macrocarpus Cranberry Z 3-7

    Creeping shrub, with tiny glossy leaves, pink flowers, and bright red berries

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    Creeping shrub, with tiny glossy leaves, pink flowers, and bright red berries

    Size: 6" x spreading
    Care: sun in moist well-drained acidic soil
    Native: Northern east coast to northern central US & Canada, Wisconsin native
    Wildlife Value: attracts bees, butterflies, and birds for nectar; small animals eat the fruits and nest in it

    Swedish botanist Peter Kalm, Swedish botanist , described this in 23 February 1749 entry in Travels in North Americ.a. Important food for Native Americans (Algonquin, Iroquois, Chippewa& Ojubwa). Pilgrims ate the wild berries. American and Canadian sailors on long voyages ate cranberries to prevent scurvy.

  • Veronicastrum virginianum, Culver’s root Z 4-9

    Tall, graceful ivory spires

    $11.95/bareroot

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    Tall, graceful ivory spires bloom from mid to late summer

    Size: 4' x 18"
    Care: full sun to part shade in moist to moist well-drained soil
    Native: From Canada to Texas incl. Wisconsin native
    Wildlife Value: attracts butterflies

    Used by American Indians as a laxative and to induce vomiting and clean blood.  Cherokee cured typhus and inactive livers with Culver’s root. Remember Culver’s Little Liver pills? Seneca Indians used the root in their ceremonies. 1st collected by Rev. John Banister who moved to colonial Virginia in 1678.  A gunman mistakenly shot and killed him while he collected plants.   Colonial Puritan Cotton Mather unsuccessfully attempted to use this plant to cure his daughter’s tuberculosis in 1716.