Perennials & Biennials

Showing 193–200 of 548 results

  • Echinacea purpurea Purple coneflower Z 3-8

    Iconic dark pink rays with orange-rust cones from mid-summer to fall  

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    $11.95/bareroot

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    Iconic dark pink rays with orange-rust cones from mid-summer to fall

     

    Size: 3’ x 18”
    Care: sun in well-drained humusy soil
    Native: MI S. to Louisiana, incl. Wisconsin
    Wildlife Value: Attracts many butterfly species in the summer. In winter Gold finches feast on the seeds.

    American Indians used Purple coneflower as a remedy for more ailments than any other plant, e.g. smoke treatment to cure headaches and sexually transmitted diseases, applied topically to toothaches and mumps and juice used for burns. The Winnebagos used the plant in advance to protect against burns. Also used to cure distemper in horses.   Introduced into garden cultivation by John Tradescant the Younger in 1640.

  • Echinops ritro Globe thistle Z 3-9

    Mid to late summer, round, steel blue flower heads, great dried flowers

    $11.95/bareroot

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    Mid to late summer, round, steel blue flower heads at 1st prickly then turning soft and fuzzy.   Great cut flower – fresh or dried.

    Size: 3-4' x 18"
    Care: Full sun in well-drained soil. Drought tolerant & deer resistant
    Native: Southern Europe
    Wildlife Value: attracts American painted lady butterflies

    The name Echinops is Greek meaning “like a hedgehog” describing the circular spiny thistles.   Introduced to England in 1570.  By the last half of the 1800’s the Globe thistle became a popular Victorian flower. Cultivated by Washington at Mount Vernon.

  • Echium russicum Vipers bugloss Z 2-9

    Striking spikes of wine red from May to July

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    Striking spikes of watermelon, wine red from May to July – exceptional and rare.

    Size: 20" x 16"
    Care: Sun in moist well-drained soil. Deer resistant
    Native: Russia & eastern Europe

    Bristly hairs on stems can cause skin irritation.    Collected by Johann Gmelin, German botanist, before 1791 who spent 10 years in Russia searching for plants, nearly dying in the process.

  • Echium vulgare Vipers bugloss Self-sowing biennial Z 3-8

    Spikes of true blue blossoms touched with a hint of pink, May through September

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    Spikes of true blue blossoms touched with a hint of pink, May through September. Self-seeds readily, considered noxious weed in Washington.  Bristly hairs on stems can cause skin irritation

    Can not ship to: Idaho, Maryland and Montana

    Size: 2-3’ x 12”
    Care: sun in most any soil
    Native: Europe.
    Wildlife Value: Important pollinator for bees.

    In past leaves boiled for a tea to remedy headaches and fevers.  In mid-1700’s grew on chalky lands over most of England.  Echium is Greek for Viper’s bugloss because a concoction of the root and wine supposedly cured snake bites or acc’d to Gardeners’ Dictionary 1768 “because the ripe seed of this plant resembles the head of a viper.”

  • Edraianthus pumelo Dwarf grassybells Z 5-8

    June to July cushion of up-facing purple bells atop silvery leaves

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    June to July cushion of up-facing purple bells atop silvery leaves

    Size: 1” x 3”
    Care: sun in very well-drained soil
    Native: Balkins
    Awards: Royal Horticultural Society Award of Merit

    Described in 1819 and named as a Campanula. Name changed in 1839.

  • Edraianthus tenuifolius syn. Wahlenbergia tenuifolius Grassy bells Z 5-8

    Clusters of upfacing blue-purple bells in June, with a base of grassy foliage.

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    Clusters of upfacing blue-purple bells in June, with a base of grassy foliage.

    Size: 4” x 8”
    Care: sun to part shade in well-drained soil
    Native: Dalmatia in southern Austria (Balkans)

    Introduced to gardens by M. Fröbel of Zurich who sent it to Kew Botanical Garden where it flowered in 1819. The name Edraianthus comes from Greek meaning “without a stalk.” Tenuifolius means “slender leaved.”

  • Engelmannia peristenia syn. E. pinnatafida Engelmann’s Daisy Z 4-8

    Clusters of golden-yellow daisy-like flowers, May-August, over an evergreen rosette

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    Clusters of golden-yellow daisy-like flowers, May-August, over an evergreen rosette

    Size: 18-36” x 15-18”
    Care: full sun in well-drained soil. Drought tolerant.
    Native: South central US
    Wildlife Value: Attracts birds for the seeds, Bees & butterflies for nectar/pollen. Rabbit resistant.

    First published in 1840 by Nuttal/Gray.  Named for George Engelmann (1809-1884) who was born in Germany and settled in St. Louis, Missouri, as a young man. He was a physician and botanist.  When he died much of his collection went to Missouri Botanical Garden.

  • Epilobium angustifolium syn. Chamaenerion angustifolium Fireweed Z 2-7

    Bright pink to lilac purple flowers June-September atop red stems covered in willow-like leaves

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    Bright pink to lilac purple flowers June-September atop red stems covered in willow-like leaves

    Size: 2-6’ x 3’ spreading
    Care: Sun to part shade in dry to moist well drained soil
    Native: Circum-polar to the temperate northern hemisphere (Wisconsin native)
    Wildlife Value: Attracts hummingbirds, bees, butterflies and other pollinators. Host for Fireweed Clearwing moth & Nessus Sphinx moth.

    Common name comes from its quick reappearance after a wildfire. First Nations used fireweed externally for burns and other skin conditions, and drank a tea for gastro-intestinal and bronchial problems. Its shoots eaten as a vegetable and young leaves added to salads. Fireweed yields a honey so prized that some Canadian beekeepers drive – or even fly – their hives to areas rich in fireweed for the blossoming season.