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  • Achnatherum calamagrostis Silver spike grass Z 5-8

    graceful, tawny-silvery spikes on this clumping grass

    $11.95/bareroot

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    Achnatherum calamagrostis syn. Stipa calamagrostis  Silver spike grass  Z 5-8
    Gorgeous, graceful, tawny-silvery spikes on this clumping grass from June all summer

    Size: 36" x 36"
    Care: sun in moist well-drained to well-drained soil
    Native: Central & southern Europe

    Collected before 1750

  • Acinos alpinus syn. Calamintha alpina syn Clinopodium alpinus

    Reddish purple flowers all summer and fall

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    Reddish purple flowers bloom on cushions all summer and fall – “long and late season of bloom.” Foster

    Size: 4-6”x 8”
    Care: sun in well-drained soil
    Native: European mountains - Alps and Pyrenees

    Collected before 1753.
    Common name for its aromatic foliage. It has been used to reduce excessive sweating and fever.  Also, leaves may be brewed for tea.

  • Aconitum fischeri Fischer’s monkshood syn. A. carmichaelii

    Spikes of cobalt blue hooded blooms September – October

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    Spikes of cobalt blue hooded blooms September – October       POISON

    Size: 24-36”x 10”
    Care: part shade in moist soil
    Native: No. Japan, E. Russia, Korea, China
    Wildlife Value: Deer resistant. Attracts butterflies.

    The name Aconitum is from the mythical hill Aconitus in Pontica where Hercules fought with Cerberus.  Philip Miller in The Gardener’s Dictionary (1768) wrote that the name Aconitum comes from Greek word for dart “because the Barbarians used to daub their darts therewith.” The Monkshood reputedly sprang from the jaws of Cerberus, the guard dog of the underworld.  In China called “bao ye wo tou.”  Wm. Robinson considered this one of the best monkshoods.  Collected before 1820.

  • Aconitum napellus ‘Albus’ White Monkshood, Wolfsbane Z 4-8 POISON

    Purest of white hooded blooms flowering along spikes in mid to late summer

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    Purest of white hooded blooms flowering along spikes in mid to late summer

    Size: 2-3” x 18-24”
    Care: part shade, cool, moist soil
    Native: Europe

    The name Aconitum is from the mythical hill Aconitus in Pontica where Hercules fought with Cerberus. The Monkshood reputedly sprang from the jaws of Cerberus, the guard dog of the underworld. Believed to make a potion that helped witches fly. This was identified by Dioscordies in De Materica Medica for medicinal use around 70 A.D. Philip Miller in The Gardener’s Dictionary (1768) wrote that the name Aconitum comes from Greek word for dart “because the Barbarians used to daub their darts therewith.” He also considered “in flower it makes a pretty appearance.”Used by physicians in 1200’s and to poison wolves: “This Wolf’s bayne of all poisons is the most hastie poison.” Wm. Turner, 1560’s. Called Monkshood due to the shape of each flower like a monk’s hood.
    This white variety in English gardens before 1768, Philip Miller’s Garden Dictionary

  • Aconitum napellus Monkshood Wolfsbane Z 5-8 POISON

    Midsummer, blue spikes of hooded blooms

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    Midsummer, blue spikes of hooded blooms.

    Size: 2-3’x 12”
    Care: part shade, cool, moist soil
    Native: Europe
    Awards: Elisabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden Great Plant Picks

    The name Aconitum is from the mythical hill Aconitus in Pontica where Hercules fought with Cerberus.  The Monkshood reputedly sprang from the jaws of Cerberus, the guard dog of the underworld.  Believed to make a potion that helped witches fly.  Philip Miller in The Gardener’s Dictionary (1768) wrote that the name Aconitum comes from Greek word for dart “because the Barbarians used to daub their darts therewith.” Used by physicians in 1200’s and to poison wolves:  “This Wolf’s bayne of all poisons is the most hastie poison.”  Wm. Turner, 1560’s.  Introduced to the new world by John Winthrop in 1631. Miller wrote “in flower it makes a pretty appearance” so that many people grow it in their gardens.

  • Actaea pachypoda syn. Actaea alba White baneberry Z 3-8

    Short white spike flowers in June, conspicuous white berries in fall with a black dot on showy crimson stems.

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    Short white spike flowers in June, conspicuous white berries in fall with a black dot on showy crimson stems.

    Size: 36”x 18-24”
    Care: part to full shade in moist well-drained soil
    Native: native to eastern and central No. America; Wisconsin native.
    Wildlife Value: deer resistant
    Awards: England’s Royal Horticultural Society Award of Merit and Great Plant Pick Award from Elizabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden.

    Actaea is Latin meaning “elder,” the leaves resembling the elder tree. Pachypoda means thick foot referring to the stalk. The common name “baneberry” chosen because the berries are poisonous. The Blackfoot boiled the roots to cure coughs and colds. In the 1800’s, used to cure “reflex uterine headache, rheumatism, congestion in the female especially, debility and gastralgia.” Sent to England before 1768, Philip Miller.

  • Adenophora lilifolia Ladybells Z 3-8

    Fragrant, flared, downfacing bluebells

    $11.95/bareroot

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    Adenophora lilifolia    Ladybells   Z 3-8
    Fragrant, flared, downfacing bluebells in midsummer, July and August

    Size: 18" x 12" spreader
    Care: full sun to part shade in moist well-drained soil
    Native: central Europe east to Siberia

    Adenophora is Greek from aden meaning “gland” and phore meaning “to bear.” Japanese cultivated this for edible root. “Fragrant blue flowers, freely borne on a loose pyramidal inflorescence.” H.H. Thomas, 1915. “Well suited for the mixed border.” William Robinson, 1899.

  • Adiantum aleuticum Western Maidenhair Fern Z 3-9

    Bright green fronds perch atop black stems like the fingers of an open hand

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    Bright green fronds perch atop black stems like the fingers of an open hand

    Size: 30” x 30”
    Care: shade in moist, well-drained soil
    Native: East and west of the Cascade Mountains and is also found scattered along the eastern seaboard
    Wildlife Value: Deer resistant
    Awards: Elisabeth C Miller Great Plant Pick, Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit

    According to folklore if a girl can hold the stem without causing the leaves to tremble, then she was chaste.
    Natives used the stems in basketry designs and made tea from the leaves to use as a hair wash.  Quinault burnt the leaves and rubbed ashes in their hair to make it long, shiny and black.  California Natives used the stems for pierced earrings, inserting them into the ear lobe to keep the hole from closing. They chewed the leaves to remedy internal wounds, chest pain, or stomach trouble and made a cough syrup from it.