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  • Teucrium chamaedrys Wall Germander Z 5-9

    Fragrant red-purple or bright rose flowers

    $10.95/bareroot

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    Fragrant red-purple or bright rose flowers on this evergreen subshrub, July-September

    Size: 1-2' x 12"
    Care: sun in well-drained to moist well-drained soil
    Native: Caucasus Mountains

    Teucrium is named after Teucer, the 1st king of Troy.  Chamaedrys means “ground oak” referring to foliage, like miniature oak leaves.  In gardens before 1750.  William Robinson, father of mixed perennial border gardens wrote, “useful edging plant, also good as a dwarf hedge.”  Liberty Hyde Bailey admired this too, “rather showy.  A good border plant for late summer bloom.”(1935)

  • Teucrium hircanicum Iranian germander, Purple Tails, Wood Sage Z 5-9

    Flowering in summer with 3-4” tall veronica-like spikes of dark purple

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    Flowering in summer with 3-4” tall veronica-like spikes of dark purple

    Size: 18” x 28”
    Care: sun in well-drained
    Native: Iran, Southern Europe, Middle East
    Wildlife Value: attract butterflies, deer resistant

    Described and named in 1759

  • Thalictrum aquilegifolium Meadowrue, Feathered columbine Z 5-9

    Strikingly delicate lavender plumes

    $10.95/bareroot

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    Strikingly delicate looking lavender plumes on 3′ tall foliage resembling a columbine.

    Size: 36" x 18"
    Care: Sun to part shade in moist to moist well-drained soil
    Native: Europe and North Asia
    Wildlife Value: attracts butterflies

    In 1629 Parkinson, apothecary to James I and later, botanist to Charles I, called this “Tufted columbine” a descriptive name, the flowers are tufted and the leaves resemble those of a columbine.  Ancient Romans used it to cure ulcers, the plague and “the Faundife.”  Romans stuffed children’s’ pillows with the flowers to bring them wealth.  Liberty Hyde Bailey described Thalictrum aquilegifolium as:  “A good garden plant and frequently planted,”(1913). Cultivated in U.S. since 1700’s.

  • Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple meadowrue Z 4-9

    Panicles of delicate dangling ivory flowers May to July, purple stems

    $10.95/bareroot

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    Panicles of delicate dangling ivory flowers May to July, purple stems.

    Size: 4-5’ x 2’
    Care: sun to part shade in moist well-drained to moist soil
    Native: All North America except Atlantic & Pacific coasts and northern Canada, Wisconsin native

    Collected for gardens by 1842.  Used by Native Americans to enliven horses by giving them seeds or rubbing a poltice on their muzzles. (Pawnee & Lakota)  Meskwaki, Ponca & Potawatomi used as an aphrodisiac.  Potawatomi smoked a mixture of this and tobacco before meeting their woman.  HoChunk used it to perfume smoke. For Potawatomi smoking dried seeds brought luck in hunting.  Ponca boys made flutes from the hollow stems.