Plants for Butterflies and Other Pollinators

Showing 213–214 of 214 results

  • Viola tricolor Johnny jump up, Heartease Z 2-9 RESEEDING short-lived perennial

    Cheery purple, yellow and white small pansies from spring to late fall



    Cheery purple, yellow and white small pansies from spring to late fall

    Size: 3-5” x 4-6”
    Care: Sun to part shade in moist well-drained soil
    Native: Europe and Asia
    Wildlife Value: Violas are the sole food source for the caterpillar of Fritillary butterflies.

    Viola was named after a mythical young woman who Zeus loved and who Zeus’ wife harassed.  Athens adopted the V. tricolor as its symbol.  Pliny prescribed it for headaches in ancient Rome.  Mentioned repeatedly by Shakespeare.  In the 1500’s the plant was used to make a medicinal tea to cure chest and lung inflammations, (Gerard) and later to cure impetigo and ulcers.  When Napoleon Bonaparte died Viola tricolor found in his locket with a snip of Josephine’s hair.  Thomas Jefferson imported Viola tricolor from France in 1767.  Pressed specimen in Emily Dickinson’s herbarium.

  • Zizia aurea Golden alexanders Z 4-9

    In spring, golden umbels



    Tiny chartreuse-golden flowers, grouped in umbels, spring.  Good cut flower.

    Size: 30"x 24"
    Care: full sun in moist to moist well-drained soil
    Native: from New Brunswick south to Florida - west to Texas, Wisconsin native
    Wildlife Value: Primary host for the Missouri Woodland Swallowtail butterfly.

    Meskwaki used the root to reduce fevers and the flower stalks to ease headaches.  Collected by late 1700’s.  Good cut flower.